According to equity theory of motivation, an individuals motivation level is correlated to his perception of equity, fairness and justice practiced by the management. John stacey adams, a workplace and behavioural psychologist, put forward his equity theory on job motivation in 1963 there are similarities with charles handy's extension and interpretation of previous simpler theories of maslow, herzberg and other pioneers of workplace psychology, in that the. The equity theory of motivation suggested that human beings will be motivated to engage in an action or series of action if he or she perceives that the conditions of the situation are fair and just, ultimately benefitting the individual.
Adams' equity theory, which stresses the importance of striking a balance between employee inputs and outputs this theory of motivation states that positive outcomes and high levels of motivation can be expected only when employees perceive their treatment to be fair hence the balance between the employee's inputs and outputs.
In equity theory of motivation, employee's motivation depends on their perception of how fair is the compensation and treatment for their work input.
In this lesson, you'll learn the fundamental principles of john stacey adams' equity theory and understand how it can affect the workplace you. Equity theory essentially is a calculus in determining a member's net contributions to an organization and using that to compare with other members in order to put everyone on an equal footing in terms of worth.
Equity theory proposes that a person's motivation is based on what he or she considers to be fair when compared to others (redmond, 2010) when applied to the workplace, equity theory focuses on an employee's work-compensation relationship or exchange relationship as well as that employee's attempt to minimize any sense of.
John stacey adams' equity theory helps explain why pay and conditions alone do not determine motivation it also explains why giving one person a promotion or pay-rise can have a demotivating effect on others. Everyone in the workplace is motivated by something this motivation could be external in nature, such a money and status, or internal, such as a desire to do a good job leaders and managers have sought to understand theories of motivation and then test them in the workplace to increase the productivity and effectiveness of their workfor.
Equity theory focuses on been widely applied to business settings by industrial psychologists to describe the relationship between an employee's motivation and.